George Sadowsky

In 2007 I ended a 7-year span of employment with Internews Network, working in the area of Internet and ICT policy, with direct application in field projects in about 20 developing countries. The objective of these initiatives was for the most part to assist countries in redefining and evolving their policy environment — their legal system, their regulatory structure, and related policies — so that the benefits of the Internet, as well those deriving from related ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) can be more rapidly and more fully realized by all sectors of society.

Since then, I have been more involved for the most part with both the Internet Governance Forum series established in 2006 and with ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, I am just finishing my first three year term as a member of the Board of Directors, and I have recently been selected to serve a second three year term. Both of these activities have been fulfilling and have continued my involvement with the development and spread of the Internet for development. I have also been a consultant for the Web Foundation during this time, and I have just completed authoring and editing a book for them, Accelerating Development Using the Web: Empowering Poor and Marginalized Populations.

In addition, I involve myself in a variety of consulting assignments, and am looking from time to time for new and interesting projects. I look for new activities that meet the following criteria:

I expect to continue to maintain an active involvement with my profession, engaging in a mix of entrepreneurial activity and pro bono contributions. These activities rest on a base of computing, networking, and communications technologies and apply to education and to economic and social development.

I remain committed to helping to spread the Internet to and within developing countries and developing regions of the world and helping people to exploit it, thereby improving education, government, health practice and services, and opportunities for local entrepreneurship activity. This blend of activities continues the work in developing countries that I've been involved in more or less continuously since 1973.

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Personal Status

In April 2008, we moved to 2182 Birch Way in Woodstock, Vermont, where we live in a fairly modern house on almost 3 acres of land and a beautiful view of the Vermont mountains. We share our land with our dog, Samantha, a significant number of moles, some groundhogs, a variety of deer who commute up and down our road and across our meadow, and something we haven't seen yet but which occasionally makes loud noises in the middle of the night.

Previously, from 1990 to 2007 and from 1973 to 1986, we lived at 64 Sweet Briar Road in Stamford, Connecticut, in a house originally built originally as two room saltbox in 1780 by Nathan Lounsbery and enlarged several times since then. We sold the house in 1986 when we moved to the Chicago area, and we were fortunate enough to be able to buy it again when we moved back to the New York area in 1990. It is one of 20-30 pre-revolutionary houses still in existence in Stamford, and was plaqued by the Stamford Bicentennial Commission in 1976.

My wife Ann graduated from Mt. Holyoke College in 1963, and we were married in 1970. She attended the Maxwell School of Syracuse University and obtained an M.P.A. degree after completing a year of field work in India. She later obtained advanced training in hospital administration at George Washington University in Washington, D.C. Her career was in the field of social services, and her last position was Executive Director of the Scofield Manor Retirement Facility of the Stamford Housing Authority. She had previously been appointed by the Mayor as Chair of the Social Services Commission for the City of Stamford during 1998-2002. She also served on Boards of several local not-for-profit social service agencies. Since moving to Vermont, she has immersed herself in Woodstock activities, becoming co-chair of the Woodstock Rotary program committee, a member of the Garden Club, as well as joining the Boards of the Norman Williams Library and the Pentangle Arts Association.

Dan works for Mercy Corps, a global humanitarian agency with operations in 35+ countries. He's currently the lead content person on the six-member Internet marketing team, which means he writes and edits most of Mercy Corps' fundraising emails and coordinates stories on the organization's website and what gets published on its Facebook page and Twitter feed. His work there since 2005 has taken him to some rather interesting places, including Colomia, Tajikistan, Palestine, Sri Lanka and South Sudan. Molly reently worked for a number of years for New Seasons Market, a chain of Portland-area grocery stores that's keen on promoting local selections. She worked her way up in the produce department, and until recently coordinated the floral departments at New Seasons' nine stores. They met in Atlanta, where Dan was a freelance journalist and Molly worked for the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, and moved to Portland in 2000. For three years starting in August 2001, they owned and operated an all-vegetarian restaurant, The Purple Parlor, on North Mississippi Avenue.

Our daughter Kate graduated in 1998 from the Berklee School of Music in Boston, and is now living in the San Francisco Bay area and pursuing a career there. After completing her Masters Degree in Holistic Health Education from JFK University, Kate took a solo journey through South India for four months and returned to study Ayurvedic Medicine with a traditional gurukula in Berkeley, CA. As a student of Vedika Global, she is deep in her studies while coordinating the the school's low-cost Ayurvedic Community Clinic, Vedika Jyoti. She is on the Board of Directors for Axis Dance Company, a physically integrated dance company in Oakland, CA, and and continues to work at Clif Bar & Co., providing massage therapy and meditation instruction through their corporate wellness program. She has a private practice, offers workshops on Mindfulness in the Workplace and Ayurvedic Approaches to Chronic Pain.

Kate and her partner, Charles Keatts, are the proud parents of Abhaya Rose Keatts, born June 26, 2011.

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Professional involvement

Current activities include: Presentations given include: Past professional activities have included:

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Professional history

Internews Network (2001- 2007)

Executive Director, GIPI. The Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI) was a joint initiative of the Center for Democracy and Technology" and Internews Network. The objective of the initiative has been to assist countries in redefining and evolving their policy environment -- their legal system, their regulatory structure, and other policies -- so that the benefits of the Internet, as well those deriving from related ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) can be more rapidly and more fully realized by all sectors of the society. At its height, GIPI projects were operating with full time local coordinators in Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Nigeria, Russia, Serbia. Tajikistan, Vietnam, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. The 2004 GIPI Annual Report describes the cumulative results of these projects. Worked with a policy expert and field manager to direct the activities of these projects, including field visits, discussions with government officials, and talks in various venues. Had administrative, budgetary and fund raising responsibility for the initiative.

Senior Technical Adviser, dot-GOV program, managed by Internews on behalf of USAID. dot-GOV is a government to government program for helping developing countries in the area of telecommunications policy, and is part of a larger initiative called dot-COM, reflecting USAID's move to centralize its assistance programs in the area of ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies). Participated in project formulation, backstopping, management of conferences and workshops and presentations to funders and review bodies as well as technical supervision of experts in the field in multiple countries.

Principal Investigator, National Science Foundation Grant SCI-0451384, Extending High Speed Networking to Africa.

Consultant to New York University, USAID, the World Bank infoDev Program, Russell Sage Foundation, Spencer Foundation, Waitt Family Foundation, Markle Foundation, United Nations Development Programme, UN ICT Task Force, PriceWaterhouseCoopers, and the Government of Switzerland. Expert witness in civil legal proceedings in the United Kingdom and the United States.

New York University (1990-2000)

Director, Network Services, 1999-2000 . . Information Technology Services. Network Services is one of the major units within Information Technology Services, which was formed in 1999 by a fusion of all centrally funded groups at NYU delivering computing and communications services to the University. NYU-NET, NYU's multiprotocol routed data network contains over 25,000 nodes, uses a fiber based infrastructure, and is connected at 155 Mbps to the commercial Internet and also at 155 Mbps to Internet-2, with links to both MCI's vBNS and Abilene. Network Services manages the collection of servers providing basic network services such as e-mail, Web services, FTP, and related services. Network Services manages the NYU-NET backbone and linkages to our Internet providers, and proposes and enforces security policy and management of security events. Network Services' data technicians manage additions and changes to the network infrastructure through the specification and installation of vertical and horizontal transmission media in university buildings and all residence halls.

Director, Academic Computing Facility, 1990-1999 . . Until 1999, the Academic Computing Facility was NYU's centrally funded support unit for computing and networking activities. Among other things, it included multiple shared central systems, microcomputer laboratories, and network services used for instruction and research. ACF's networking group also provided local area network consultation, installation, and integration.

During this period, the ACF evolved from a relatively narrow, technical, systems-driven support organization into one with effective distributed managerial leadership and strong customer orientation serving the majority of the university community. Specific initiatives accomplished included establishing an arts technology studio and technical support group, support for humanities computing, expanding distributed support services, networking student residence halls, establishing an Information Services group for managing and evolving the campus electronic information space, establishing a Center for Applied Parallel Computing, establishing a multi-access Help Center, and establishing an Innovation Center for faculty exploration and development. Staff structure and physical plant were reorganized, and an active program of courses, workshops, seminars and colloquia was initiated. The ACF underwent several self-initiated external reviews and was actively involved in a faculty process of planning for academic computing, contributing to restructuring of governance, advisory, and cost allocation mechanisms, and ultimately to the restructuring of information technology as a whole at NYU, resulting in the creation of the Information Technology Services Division at NYU.

Northwestern University (1986-1990)

Director, Academic Computing and Network Services . . Responsible for management and technical leadership of centrally funded University computing and network facilities for instruction and research, with $8 million budget . . Directed Vogelback Computing Center, microcomputing activities and laboratories, and Chicago Computing Service . . Responsible for Microcomputer Product Center, including retail computer sales operation and computer repair service grossing $6 million . . Responsible for relationships with customers, suppliers, departments, and professional and undergraduate schools . . Reorganized separate computing support groups into unified academic computing organization, reducing overall staff and budget by 15-20% while redirecting resources and focus toward workstation computing and creating groups for networking and advanced technology . . Directed networking group in establishing fiber-based initial campus backbone and Internet and other external links, as well as installation and support of multiple local area networks . . Directed study leading to internal and external program review and long term planning for exploitation of information technology within the University.

Concurrently, consultant to the National Academy of Sciences, the United Nations and other organizations involving international consulting missions, authorship of official publications, computer-related strategic planning, and economic modeling and simulation.

The United Nations (1973-1986)

Technical Adviser in Computer Methods . . Co-ordinated an international team of computer specialists responsible for technical implementation and support of computer based projects in 75 countries . . Responsible for project formulation, selection and direction of field experts, preparation of system specifications and requests for proposals, evaluation of vendor proposals, on-going vendor relations, and local and foreign training of national candidates . . Field missions to and work in more than 30 countries included project formulation, training, computer installation, hardware, software, and environmental trouble shooting, preparation of technical reports, and negotiations with client governments and equipment suppliers . . Responsible for post-enumeration technical support of 1982 Chinese Population Census Project . . Initiated use of microcomputer systems in developing countries in 1979, with multi-level support strategy.

Concurrently adviser to Director of Statistical Office . . Initiated design of an on-line information system for international statistics, introduced text editing and photocomposition methods, and collaborated in the establishment of a bibliographic information system.

Also performed occasional consulting work for government, research and social service agencies . . Evaluated requirements for computer installation and use for research and administrative applications. . Selected and installed microcomputer systems and software . . Trained staff members in procedures and operations.

The Urban Institute (1970-1973)

Senior Research Staff Member . . Participated in the design and construction of a DECsystem-10 based interactive system for the implementation and simulation of socioeconomic microanalytic models of the U. S. household sector, with Guy Orcutt and others . . Responsible for analysis, design, and programming of the simulation system and for substantive research in formulating model processes and policy experiments . . Work resulted in book and Ph.D. dissertation.

Consultant to Statistics Canada on production and dissemination of 1971 Population and Housing Census data and for design of an interactive economic information system, to the Inter-American Development Bank for an evaluation of proposed expansion of computer facilities and applications, and to the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan for computer department reorganization.

The Brookings Institution (1966-1970)

Director, Computer Center, and Senior Fellow . . Created computer center . . Designed physical facilities and installed IBM 7040 computer system . . Recruited and trained programming and operating staffs . . Participated in Brookings research involving quantitative and computational methods . . Developed data documentation and retrieval system for survey data files . . Directed research on high level language structures for social science computing . . Directed the creation of the 1966 and 1967 Survey of Economic Opportunity Research Files for the Office of Economic Opportunity . . Planned and participated in training programs and seminars for technical and research staff . . Directed selection of, conversion to, and installation of a Digital Equipment PDP-10 computer system, and established a social science research computing consortium.

Private Consulting (1962-1965)

While in graduate school at Yale, was a consultant to government agencies and research projects . . Introduced the use of computers for revenue estimation in the Office of Tax Analysis of the U. S. Treasury Department and developed a large computer-based microanalytic simulation model to analyze the revenue and distributional effects of preliminary versions of the Revenue Act of 1964 . . System was used by Treasury and Congressional committees to help design provisions in final bill . . Performed programming for the Brookings Institution for studying the structure of the Federal Individual Income Tax and the effects of the Revenue Act of 1964 . . Conducted tax analysis and revenue estimation seminar for state tax officials for U. S. Treasury and consulted for taxation agencies in Maryland, Indiana, and Georgia . . Participated in computer based legislative redistricting study for Federal Court in Connecticut . . Collaborated with Yale faculty members in psychology, physics, economics, and psychiatry, applying statistical and computational methods to empirical data.

Yale University (1962-1963)

Manager of Operations of Yale Computer Center and Research Assistant in Economics . . Administered operations and activities of Center containing IBM 709, 1401, 1620 and 610 computers . . Supervised operations and applications programming staff, participated in operating system development, consulted with faculty and student users, taught courses in programming . . SHARE representative.

Faculty member, Economics Department and Cowles Foundation . . Performed research on and programming of voluntary prepaid medical care plan, linear programming models of economic growth, and other projects . . Advised faculty and students on statistical and computational methods applied to economic research.

Combustion Engineering, Inc. (1958-1962)

Applied mathematician and programmer for Nuclear Division . . Supervised computing group, responsible for use of IBM 704, 7070 and 1401 computers by physicists and engineers . . Developed an automatic operating system for the IBM 704, did systems programming, wrote assembly and utility programs . . Developed reactor physics, engineering, and statistical programs . . Conducted in-company training programs in computer programming and numerical methods.

Concurrently lecturer in the Department of Statistics, University of Hartford.

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Yale University (1963-1966)

Ph.D. degree in Economics . . Based upon design and implementation of large computer based system and model for microanalytic simulation of the U.S. household sector . . Master of Arts degree in Economics . . Studies included economic theory, industrial organization, statistics, econometrics, mathematical economics, and gaming and simulation.

Harvard University (1957-1958)

Graduate student in mathematics and teaching fellow and freshman adviser at Harvard College . . Courses concentrated on classical analysis, numerical analysis, probability and statistics.

Harvard College (1953-1957)

Bachelor of Arts degree cum laude . . Majored in mathematics with interests in physics and economics . . Honors thesis studied analytic solutions of the heat equation in an infinite medium . . Ranked in top quarter of class . . Extracurricular interests in community work.

Early background

During summer after graduation worked at the computation laboratory of General Electric, Schenectady, programming numerical analysis algorithms . . Summers while in college held counselor jobs at Camp Androscoggin in Maine, the Owasippe Scout Camps in Michigan, and Camp Toquam in Connecticut as camping specialist. Raised in Chicago, Illinois.

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Publications and papers:

Accelerating Development Using the Web: Empowering Poor and Marginalized Populations. World Wide Web Foundation, May 2012, 275 pp.

"Issues Regarding Internet Governance" (in Russian), Analytical and Informational Journal of the RANS (Russian Association of Networks and Services). Vol. 9, no. 19, September 2008, pp. 34-39.

(Wolfgang Kleinwachter, ed.) "Internet Governance: The Importance of Access," The Power of Ideas: Internet Governance in a Global Multi-Stakeholder Environment. Marketing für Deutschland GmbH, 2007, pp. 68-74.

"Professor Sam - A Pioneer," Partners in Progress: A Felicitation Volume in Honour of Vidya Jyothi Professor V. K. Samaranayake. Published for the University of Colombo School of Computing by Godage International Publishers, Ltd., Colombo, 2007. pp. 157-161.

(with John Mack) "Extending High Bandwidth Academic and Research Networking to Africa: A Feasibility Study, Final Report, NSF Project SCI-0451384, November 30, 2006, Washington, D.C., 27 pp.

(Oliver B. Popov, ed.), "Information Security in an Academic Environment: Setting the Framework for Discussion," Policies for Secure Research and Education Networking, NATO Scientific Affairs Division, NATO Science Series, IOS Press (expected 2008).

"E-security challenges for SMEs in developing countries," Putting "e" to work: e-Trade Perspecives and Case Studies for SMEs. International Trade Center, Geneva, 2005, pp. 145-150.

"Ne pas emberlificoter la Toile." Libération, vendredi, 20 août 2004, p. 29.

(with Raul Zambrano and Pierre Dandjinou) "Internet Governance: A Discussion Document," Internet Governance: A Grand Collaboration, A collection of papers contributed to the United Nations ICT Task Force Global Forum on Internet Governance, New York, March 25-26, 2004. United Nations ICT Task Force, 2004, pp. 183-226.

"Casting a Wider Net," Ubiquity: An Electronic Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, Vol. 5, No. 12, May 19-25, 2004.

(with James X. Dempsey, Alan Greenberg, Barbara J. Mack, and Alan Schwartz), Information Technology Security Handbook, The World Bank, 2003, 396 pp.

(with Lee Rainey) "The Frontiers Ahead: A Dialogue on the Progress and Promise of the Internet," Global Issues, An Electronic Journal of the U. S. State Department, Vol. 8, No. 3, November 2003, pp. 36-41.

(with Jalal Fawaz), Internet Policy Guidance for Iraq,Working Group Meeting to Draft a New Iraqi Press Law, Athens, Greece, June 2, 2003.

(Oliver B. Popov, ed.), "The Evolution of NYU-NET in the Context of Regional and National Networking in the U.S.A.," Creative and Innovative Network Management, NATO Scientific Affairs Division, NATO Science Series, pp. 37-49, IOS Press, 2003.

(with Alan Greenberg), A Conversation with Sir Arthur C. Clarke, Colombo, Sri Lanka, April 26, 2002, Videotape (parts 1-4) , 32 minutes.

"The Internet: Reflections and Visions," Networking Developments in the Caucausus Region," (Jean-Paul Nadreau and Oliver B. Popov, eds.), NATO Science Series III, Vol. 181, IOS Press, 2001. pp. 1-11.

"My Second Computer was a UNIVAC I," NYU Information Technology Monograph Series No, 1, April 2001.

"Paving the Way for Internet Rich Environments in Developing Nations," OnTheInternet, Fall/Winter 2000, pp. 10-11, 38-39.

(with Glenn Ricart, J. Gary Augustson, Richard Guida, Michael M. Roberts, and Douglas E. Van Houweling) "Panel on the Future of Networking and the Internet," EDUCAUSE Review, Vol. 1, No. 1, January/February 2000, pp. 46-50.

"The Internet: Governance," Regional African Conference on Internet Governance: Proceedings, Cotonou, Benin, 15-17 December 1998, pp. 36-48.

"The Internet Society and Developing Countries," OnTheInternet, November/December 1996, pp. 23-29.

(with Lawrence H. Landweber), Facilitating Internetworking in Africa: A Proposal by The Internet Society,January 1995. (led directly to USAID Leland Initiative to network 20 countries in Africa)

"Why Governments Need Access to Computer Networks (Part 1)," African Technology Forum, Vol. 6, No. 3, Spring 1994, pp. 33-36; (Part 2) African Technology Forum, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 41-46.

"Networking Connectivity for Developing Countries," Communications of the ACM, Vol. 36, No. 9, September 1993, pp. 42-47.

"The Importance to Governments of Access to Distributed Knowledge," Proceedings of INET '92. The Internet Society: Reston, pp. 509-513.

(with P. Cotton) "Fundamental Issues in Computer Design and Implementation for the Socioeconomic Microsimulation Community," 1991 Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, pp. 50-59.

(with P. Cotton) "Future Computing Environments for Microsimulation Modeling," Improving Information for Social Policy Decisions: The Uses of Microsimulation Modeling. Volume II, pp. 141-234, Washington: National Academy Press, 1991.

Statistical Data Processing in Developing Countries: Infrastructure Considerations," Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1989, pp. 269-289.

The Use of Microcomputers for Census Data Processing, Statistical Office, Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, The United Nations, New York, 1989.

"Statistical Data Processing in Developing Countries: Problems and Prospects," Interregional Workshop on Statistical Data Processing, The United Nations, Geneva, June 1988.

(with B. Carlson), "Survey Data Processing Infrastructure in Developing Countries: Selected Problems and Issues," Proceedings of the 100th Session of the International Statistical Institute, Amsterdam, August 1985.

MASH: A Computer System for Microanalytic Simulation for Policy Exploration, The Urban Institute, 1977, 300 pp.

"MASH: An On-Line System for Socioeconomic Microsimulation of the Household Sector," ONLINE 72 Conference Proceedings, Online Computer Systems, Ltd., 1972, pp. 17-47.

"Future Developments in Social Science Computing," Proceedings of the 1972 Spring Joint Computer Conference. AFIPS Press, 1972, pp. 875-883.

(with H. W. Guthrie, G. H. Orcutt, S. Caldwell, and G. E. Peabody), "Microanalytic Simulation of Household Behavior," Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 1, No. 2, April 1972, pp. 141-170.

Discussion, "Computers in Social Science Data Processing and Analysis," Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section of the American Statistical Association, 1969, pp. 96-97.

(with J. W. Bean, S. W. Kidd, and B. D. Sharp), "The BEAST: A User-Oriented Procedural Language for Social Science Research," Conference Paper, Council of Social Science Data Archives, Pittsburgh, May 1968.

(with M. S. Davis and L. C. Frampton), "Legislative Districting by Computer," Jurimetrics, Vol. 8, No. 4, June 1968, pp. 77-98.

Numerous technical assistance mission reports, internal reports, reports to governments, articles, editorials, and technical and management documents.

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george 'dot' sadowsky 'at' gmail 'dot' com
October 14, 2012